Minerals are important for your body to stay healthy.


Your body uses minerals for many different jobs, including building bones, making hormones and regulating your heartbeat.

There are two kinds of minerals:

macrominerals and trace minerals.


Macrominerals are minerals your body needs in larger amounts.

They include calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, sodium, potassium, chloride and sulfur.


Your body needs just small amounts of trace minerals.

These include iron, manganese, copper, iodine, zinc, cobalt, fluoride and selenium.


The best way to get the minerals your body needs

is by eating a wide variety of foods.

In some cases, your doctor may recommend a mineral supplement.


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Your body needs calcium to build strong bones and teeth in childhood and adolescence.

As an adult, you need calcium to maintain bone mass.

According to the USDA, the average adult (eating roughly 2,000 calories per day) should get 1,136 milligrams of calcium each day.




A diet rich in potassium helps your body maintain a healthy blood pressure.

The USDA recommends that the average adult consume 4,044 milligrams of potassium each day.



Magnesium is a nutrient that helps your body produce energy, and helps your muscles, arteries and heart work properly.

According to the USDA, the average adult should get 380 milligrams of magnesium each day.

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